Peer-reviewed journal articles
Focusing on motivations for use
Boardley, ID., Grix, J. & Dewar, AJ. (2014). Moral disengagement and associated processes in performance-enhancing drug use: A national qualitative investigation. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(9), 836-844.
Christiansen, AV., Vinther, AS. & Liokaftos, D. (2016). Outline of a typology of men’s use of anabolic androgenic steroids in fitness and strength training environments. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 24(3), 295-305.
Conrad, P. & Potter, D. (2004). Human growth hormone and the temptations of biomedical enhancement. Sociology of Health and Illness, 26(2), 184–215.
Griffiths, S., Mitchison, D., Murray, SB. & Mond, JM. (2018). Pornography use in sexual minority males: Associations with body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, thoughts about using anabolic steroids and quality of life. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 52(4), 339-348.
Grogan, S., Shepherd, S., Evans, R., Wright, S. & Hunter, G. (2006). Experiences of anabolic steroid use: In-depth interviews with men and women body builders. Journal of Health Psychology, 11(6), 845-856.
Halliburton, AE. & Fritz, MS. (2017). Health beliefs as a key determinant of intent to use anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) among high-school football players: Implications for prevention. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 23(3), 1-12.
Harris, MA., Dunn, M. & Alwyn, T. (2016). A qualitative exploration of the motivations underlying anabolic-androgenic steroid use from adolescence into adulthood. Health Psychology Report, 4(4), 315-320.
Hauw, D. & McNamee, M. (2015). A critical analysis of three psychological research programs of doping behaviour. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 16, 140-148.
Hutchinson, B., Moston, S. & Engelberg, T. (2018). Social validation: A motivational theory of doping in an online bodybuilding community. Sport in Society, 21(2), 260-282.
Kimergård, A. (2015). A qualitative study of anabolic steroid use amongst gym users in the United Kingdom: Motives, beliefs and experiences. Journal of Substance Use, 20(4), 288-294.
Petróczi, A. & Aidman, E. (2008). Psychological drivers in doping: The life-cycle model of performance enhancement. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 3(1), 7.
Petróczi, A., Mazanov, J. & Naughton, DP. (2011). Inside athletes’ minds: Preliminary results from a pilot study on mental representation of doping and potential implications for anti-doping. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 6(1), 10.
Sagoe, D., Andreassen, CS. & Pallesen, S. (2014). The aetiology and trajectory of anabolic-androgenic steroid use initiation: A systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, & Policy, 9(1), 27.
Wiefferink, CH., Detmar, SB., Coumans, B., Vogels, T. & Paulussen, TGW. (2007). Social psychological determinants of the use of performance-enhancing drugs by gym users. Health Education Research, 23(1), 70-80.
Wright, S., Grogan, S. & Hunter, G. (2000). Motivations for anabolic steroid use among bodybuilders. Journal of Health Psychology, 5(4), 566-571.
Zahnow, R., McVeigh, J., Bates, G., Hope, V., Kean, J., Campbell, J. & Smith, J. (2018). Identifying a typology of men who use anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS). International Journal of Drug Policy, 55, 105-112.