Research literature on performance and image-enhancing drug use in society (Peer-reviewed journal articles: PIEDs in sport)


journal covers

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Focusing on PIEDs in sport

Anderson, J. (2013). Doping, sport and the law: Time for repeal of prohibition? International Journal of Law in Context, 9(2), 135-159.

Andreasson, J. & Johansson, T. (2014). The fitness revolution. Historical transformations in the global gym and fitness culture. Sport Science Review, 23(3-4), 91-111.

Backhouse, SH. Whitaker, L. & Petróczi, A. (2013). Gateway to doping? Supplement use in the context of preferred competitive situations, doping attitude, beliefs, and norms. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 23(2), 244-252.

Barkoukis, V., Lazuras, L., Tsorbatzoudis, H. & Rodafinos, A. (2011). Motivational and sportspersonship profiles of elite athletes in relation to doping behavior. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12(3), 205-212.

Bilard, J., Ninot, G. & Hauw, D. (2011). Motives for illicit use of doping substances among athletes calling a national antidoping phone-help service: An exploratory study. Substance Use and Misuse, 46(4), 359-367.

Birzniece, V. (2014). Doping in sport: Effects, harm and misconceptions. Internal Medicine Journal, 45(3), 239-248.

Boardley, ID. & Grix, J. (2014). Doping in bodybuilders: A qualitative investigation of facilitative psychosocial processes. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 6(3), 422-439.

Bojsen‐Møller, J. & Christiansen, AV. (2010). Use of performance‐ and image‐enhancing substances among recreational athletes: A quantitative analysis of inquiries submitted to the Danish anti‐doping authorities. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 20(6), 861-867.

Christiansen, AV. & Bojsen-Møller, J. (2012). ‘Will steroids kill me if I use them once?’ A qualitative analysis of inquiries submitted to the Danish anti-doping authorities. Performance Enhancement and Health, 1(1), 39-47.

Coomber, R. (2013). How social fear of drugs in the non-sporting world creates a framework for doping policy in the sporting world. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 6(3), 171-193.

Fry, CL. (2017). The case for and against harm reduction approaches to drugs in sport. Journal of Medical Ethics, 43(5), 280.

Gleaves, J. (2014). A Global History of Doping in Sport: Drugs, Nationalism and Politics. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 31(8), 815-819.

Gleaves, J. & Llewellyn, M. (2014). Sport, drugs and amateurism: Tracing the real cultural origins of anti-doping rules in international sport. The International Journal of the History of Sport, 31(8), 839-853.

Hauw, D. & Bilard, J. (2017). Understanding appearance-enhancing drug use in sport using an enactive approach to body image. Frontiers in Psychology, 8(2088), 1-10.

Henning, A. (2017). Challenges to promoting health for amateur athletes through anti-doping policy. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 24(3), 306-313.

Henning, A. & Dimeo, P. (2017). The new front in the war on doping: Amateur athletes. International Journal of Drug Policy, 51, 128-136.

Judge, L., Bellar, D., Petersen, J., Lutz, R., Gilreath, E., Simon, L. & Judge, M. (2012). The attitudes and perceptions of adolescent track and field athletes toward PED use. Performance Enhancement and Health, 1(2), 75-82.

Kirby, K., Moran, A. & Guerin, S. (2011). A qualitative analysis of the experiences of elite athletes who have admitted to doping for performance enhancement. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 3(2), 205-224.

Lamont‐Mills, A. & Christensen, S. (2008). ‘I have never taken performance enhancing drugs and I never will’: Drug discourse in the Shane Warne case. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 18(2), 250-258.

Lewis, C. (2015). Another sports drug-testing failure: Australian government policy and powerlifting. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 7(2), 233-253.

Mazanov, J., Huybers, T. & Connor, James. (2012). Prioritising health in anti-doping: What Australians think. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 15(5), 381-385.

Miah, A. (2006). Rethinking enhancement in sport. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1093(1), 301-320.

Moston, S., Engelberg, T. & Skinner, J. (2015). Self-fulfilling prophecy and the future of doping. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 16, 201-207.

Pappa, E. & Kennedy, E. (2012). ‘It was my thought … he made it a reality’: Normalization and responsibility in athletes’ accounts of performance enhancing drug use. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 48(3), 277-294.

Pineau, T., Schopfer, A., Grossrieder, L., Broséus, J., Esseiva, P. & Rossy, Q. (2016). The study of doping market: How to produce intelligence from Internet forums. Forensic Science International, 268, 103-115.

Quirk, FH. (2009). Health psychology and drugs in sport. Sport in Society, 12(3), 375-393.

Savulescu, J., Foddy, B. & Clayton, M. (2004). Why we should allow performance enhancing drugs in sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38(6), 666.

Savulescu, J., Creaney, L. & Vondy, A. (2013). Should athletes be allowed to use performance enhancing drugs? British Medical Journal, (Online) 347.

Seear, K. (2013). What do we really know about doping ‘effects’? An argument for doping effects as co-constituted ‘phenomena’. Performance Enhancement and Health, 2(4), 201-209.

Sefiha, O. (2012). Bike racing, neutralization, and the social construction of performance-enhancing drug use. Contemporary Drug Problems, 38, 213-245.

Stewart, B. (2008). Drug Use in Sport: Implications for Public Policy. Journal of Sport and Social Issues. 32(3), 278-298.

Thualagant, N. (2012). The conceptualization of fitness doping and its limitations. Sport in Society, 15(3), 409-419.

van de Ven, K. (2016). ‘Blurred lines’: Anti-doping, national policies, and the performance and image enhancing drug (PIED) market in Belgium and The Netherlands. Performance Enhancement and Health, 4(3-4), 94-102.

Von Burg, R. & Johnson, PE. (2009). Yearning for a past that never was: Baseball, steroids, and the anxiety of the American dream. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 26(4), 351-371.

Warren, I., Palmer, D. & Whelan, C. (2014). Surveillance, governance and professional sport. Surveillance and Society, 11(4), 439-453.

Whitaker, L., Long, J., Petróczi, A. & Backhouse, SH. (2014). Using the prototype willingness model to predict doping in sport. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 24(5), e398-e405.

Body image



Policy/health/harm reduction

Blood-borne viruses


PIEDs markets


Motivations for use

Multiple drug use