Research literature on performance and image-enhancing drug use in society (Peer-reviewed journal articles: policy/health/harm reduction)


journal covers

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Focusing on policy/health/harm reduction

Bates, G., Begley, E., Tod, D., Jones, L., Leavey, C. & McVeigh, J. (2017). A systematic review investigating the behaviour change strategies in interventions to prevent misuse of anabolic steroids. Journal of Health Psychology, 1-18.

Coomber, R. (2014). How social fear of drugs in the non-sporting world creates a framework for doping policy in the sporting world. International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, 6(2), 171-193.

Dunn, M., Henshaw, R. & McKay, F. (2016). Do performance and image enhancing drug users in regional Queensland experience difficulty accessing health services? Drug and Alcohol Review, 35(4), 377-382.

Dunn, M., McKay, F. & Iversen, J. (2014). Steroid users and the unique challenge they pose to needle and syringe program workers. Drug and Alcohol Review, 33(1), 71-77.

Henning, A. (2017). Challenges to promoting health for amateur athletes through anti-doping policy. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 24(3), 306-313.

Keyzer, B. & Tolleneer, J. (2017). Ethics of a relaxed antidoping rule accompanied by harm-reduction measures. Journal of Medical Ethics, 43(5), 282.

Keyzer, P., Finch, CF., Norton, KI., Dietrich, J., Sekendiz, B. & Coyle, I. (2014). Key issues influencing the management of risks in the Australian Fitness Industry – Combining legal perspectives with injury prevention approaches. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(7), 618.

Kimergård, A. & McVeigh, J. (2014). Environments, risk and health harms: A qualitative investigation into the illicit use of anabolic steroids among people using harm reduction services in the UK. British Medical Journal Open, 4(6), e005275.

López, B. (2013). Creating fear: The social construction of human growth hormone as a dangerous doping drug. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 48(2), 220-237.Maycock, B. & Howat, P. (2005). The barriers to illegal anabolic steroid use. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 12(4), 317-325.

McVeigh, J., Hearne, E., Bates, G. & Van Hout, MC. (2017). Community pharmacist experiences of providing needle and syringe programmes in Ireland. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 13(4), 767-777.

Molero, Y., Gripenberg, J. & Bakshi, A. (2016). Effectiveness and implementation of a community-based prevention programme targeting anabolic androgenic steroid use in gyms: Study protocol of a quasi-experimental control group study. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 8(1), 36.

Nøkleby, Heid & Skårderud, Finn. (2013). Body practices among male drug abusers: Meanings of workout and use of doping agents in a drug treatment setting. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, 11(4), 490-502.

Park, JK. (2005). Governing doped bodies: The world anti-doping agency and the global culture of surveillance. Cultural Studies↔Critical Methodologies, 5(2), 174-188.

Pope, H., Kanayama, G., Ionescu-Pioggia, M. & Hudson, J. (2004). Anabolic steroid users’ attitudes towards physicians. Addiction, 99(9), 1189-1194.

Rowe, R., Berger, Israel & Copeland, Jan. (2016). ‘No pain, no gainz’? Performance and image-enhancing drugs, health effects and information seeking. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 24(5), 400-408 .

Tay Wee Teck, J. & McCann, M. (2018). Tracking Internet interest in anabolic-androgenic steroids using Google Trends. International Journal of Drug Policy, 51, 52-55.

Tighe, B., Dunn, M., McKay, F. & Piatkowski, T. (2017). Information sought, information shared: Exploring performance and image enhancing drug user-facilitated harm reduction information in online forums. Harm Reduction Journal, 14(1), 48.

van Beek, I. & Chronister, K. (2015). Performance and image enhancing drug injectors’ access to needle syringe programs: Responding to a public policy dilemma. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26(9), 868-874.

Walker, DM. & Eli Joubert, H. (2011). Attitudes of injecting male anabolic androgenic steroid users to media influence, health messages and gender constructs. Drugs and Alcohol Today, 11(2), 56-70.

Yager, Z. & O’Dea, JA. (2014). Relationships between body image, nutritional supplement use, and attitudes towards doping in sport among adolescent boys: Implications for prevention programs. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 11(1), 13.

Zahnow, R., McVeigh, J., Ferris, J. & Winstock, A. (2017). Adverse effects, health service engagement, and service satisfaction among anabolic androgenic steroid users. Contemporary Drug Problems, 44(1), 69-83.

Body image



Blood-borne viruses


PIEDs markets


Motivations for use

Multiple drug use

PIEDs in sport