Research literature on performance and image-enhancing drug use in society (Peer-reviewed journal articles: injecting)


journal covers

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Focusing on injecting

Hart, A. (2018). Making a difference? Applying Vitellone’s Social Science of the Syringe to performance and image enhancing drug injecting. International Journal of Drug Policy. Advance online publication, 19 April 2018.

Hope, V., McVeigh, J., Marongiu, A., Evans-Brown, M., Smith, J., Kimergård, A., . . . Ncube, F. (2015). Injection site infections and injuries in men who inject image- and performance-enhancing drugs: Prevalence, risks factors, and healthcare seeking. Epidemiology and Infection, 143(1), 132-140.

Ip, EJ., Yadao, MA., Shah, BM. & Lau, B. (2016). Infectious disease, injection practices and risky sexual behavior among anabolic steroid users. AIDS Care, 28(3), 294-299.

Joubert, HE. & Melluish, S. (2016). Considering anabolic androgenic steroid use in relation to non-substance related diagnostic categories with special emphasis on eating disorders: A systematic review. Journal of Substance Use, 21(2), 210-216.

Larance, B., Degenhardt, L., Copeland, J. & Dillon, P. (2008). Injecting risk behaviour and related harm among men who use performance and image-enhancing drugs. Drug and Alcohol Review, 27(6), 679-686.

López, B. (2017). From needle phobia to doping phobia: Can the fear of injections help us understand anti-dopism? Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 24(3), 314-320.

Body image



Policy/health/harm reduction

Blood-borne viruses

PIEDs markets


Motivations for use

Multiple drug use

PIEDs in sport