Research literature on performance and image-enhancing drug use in society (Peer-reviewed journal articles: stigma)


journal covers

Peer-reviewed journal articles

Focusing on stigma

Griffiths, S., Murray, SB. & Mond, JM. (2016). The stigma of anabolic steroid use. Journal of Drug Issues, 46(4), 446-456.

Yu, J., Hildebrandt, T. & Lanzieri, N. (2015). Healthcare professionals’ stigmatization of men with anabolic androgenic steroid use and eating disorders. Body Image, 15, 49-53.

Body image



Policy/health/harm reduction

Blood-borne viruses


PIEDs markets


Motivations for use

Multiple drug use

PIEDs in sport